Crockery, jugs and vessels – they seem inconspicuous and quite ordinary, however, vases and jugs have a great and multifaceted history. The history of ancient vases and jugs spans millennia and is a fascinating testament to human creativity and craftsmanship. Even in the earliest civilizations, such vessels, bowls and jugs were important. The very fact that vases can be found as grave goods shows how important these objects had been to society and the lives of earlier generations. Since the Neolithic period, vessels made of ceramics have been placed in graves. Nowadays this is not as common anymore.
"Collecting" in the Past and Today
A treasure hunter from Iran discovered with the OKM eXp 6000 numerous artifacts such as vessels and plates at a depth of 9 m (30 ft). His finds include numerous vases made of bronze and other materials, plates, bowls, coins and some more. In total, our client discovered 30 different objects. These objects were most likely everyday items of a family from over 2000 years ago. They cooked with the vessels, gathered food in them and ate from this tableware. Especially in food gathering, collecting berries and fruits, bowls were always essential. It is exciting to see how people lived. Everyday objects of older generations give a significant insight into their lives and society.
Art on Jugs and Vases
The paintings, reliefs and decorations on ancient jars and vases represent an artistic heritage of ancient civilizations. In vase painting, which is known mainly from Greek art, elegant and detailed scenes from everyday life, from mythology or from sporting and artistic scenes were masterfully put on vessels. These paintings tell stories and reveal insights into the social life and culture of the time. Reliefs offer the same effect: they bring scenery to life with unique sculptural representations. Vase painting and sculpture helped turn ancient objects such as jars and vases into artistic masterpieces that still convey stories today.
Ancient vases and vessels tell a completely different story, namely that of their production. In the time when the vessels were produced, there were no machines. All objects found here were made entirely by hand. Due to this method of production, no vessels were ever made identically, each was unique. Human errors or inaccuracies made it possible to accurately distinguish the vessels. In the production of bronze vessels, the casting technique reduced these differences to a certain extent.
OKM eXp 6000 Convinces
These artifacts were created with the OKM eXp 6000 found at a depth of 9 m (30 ft). Here, our high-end 3D ground scanner shows its skills and confidently detects treasures like these at depths of up to 25 m (82 ft). Of course, such a find does not only require a capable detector, but also a very experienced treasure hunter, who operates the eXp 6000.
Production of Antique Metal Vessels
In the Bronze Age there were several methods of making bronze vessels: casting and forging. In Europe, casting was predominantly represented in the northern regions. Thanks to reusable molds, bronze and copper vessels could be produced more and more easily and in greater numbers. For more ornate objects, lost mold casting was practiced. In this process, the molds could be used only once. Through the lost wax process, it was possible to create very complex patterns and shapes.
Driving was a somewhat simpler method of deforming metal. In driving, sheet metal is plastically deformed by blows with a chisel, punch, mallet and driving hammer, this is usually done in a cold state.